'''Henri René Albert Guy de Maupassant''' (;
[[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/maupassant "Maupassant"]. ''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''.]
; 5 August 1850 – 6 July 1893) was a 19th-century French literature|French writer
, remembered as a master of the short story
form, and as a representative of the Naturalism (literature)|naturalist
school of writers, who depicted human lives and destinies and social forces in disillusioned and often pessimistic terms.
Maupassant was a protégé
of Gustave Flaubert|Flaubert
and his stories are characterized by economy of style and efficient, effortless ''dénouements'' (outcome (game theory)|outcomes
). Many are set during the Franco-Prussian War
of the 1870s, describing the futility of war and the innocent civilians who, caught up in events beyond their control, are permanently changed by their experiences. He wrote some 300 short stories, six novels,...